Updated: 2 January 2024

Australia’s financial dispute resolution scheme has reached a major milestone – five years of operation. Consumers have taken more than 400,000 disputes to the Australian Financial Complaints Authority (AFCA) in that time, securing a total of $1.2 billion in compensation and refunds.

This was during some of the most trying times financial firms and their customers have faced, including a global pandemic, rising interest rates, a sharp escalation in scams activity and the financial impact of significant natural disasters.

Over the past five years AFCA has worked with more than 16,500 victims of scams, more than 7,500 people affected by natural disasters (excluding COVID), and more than 30,000 people experiencing financial difficulty. It registered more than 17,000 COVID-related complaints, helping to resolve disputes involving financial products such as travel insurance and superannuation. 

In addition, AFCA’s systemic issues work – where it identifies wider issues than a single complaint – resulted in 4.9 million people receiving more than $340 million.

“We have dealt with hundreds of thousands of cases over the past five years, but we are fully aware that behind every complaint is an individual, a family or small business,” AFCA’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Ombudsman, David Locke, said. “We know how stressful a financial dispute can be, and how critical it is to help consumers and firms resolve their differences.

“An ombudsman service also plays an important role in supporting public confidence in engaging with the financial services sector, because we are here to help when consumers and firms can’t resolve disputes on their own. We work to contribute to a fair and efficient financial services sector.”

With complaints reaching a record 97,000 in the last financial year alone, AFCA’s services had never been needed more, Mr Locke added. “But our hope is that, working with firms, we will see a significant improvement in their in-house complaints handling. Consumers shouldn’t have to be escalating this volume of disputes to AFCA.”

He congratulated the 70 per cent of AFCA Scheme member firms that have never had a complaint reach AFCA. “While we will always point out areas of concern, to help inform consumers, firms, regulators and government, it’s important for the community to understand that the majority of financial firm members do not generate any complaints,” Mr Locke said.

Mr Locke said AFCA continued to be a cheaper and more efficient alternative to a court process for both firms and consumers. Over its first five years AFCA resolved 60 per cent of cases in less than 60 days – mostly by helping the two sides reach agreement. Only 6 per cent of cases needed to progress to a formal decision.

AFCA was set up after the 2017 Ramsay Review recommended the establishment of a single scheme to handle disputes formerly handled by the Financial Ombudsman Service, the Credit and Investments Ombudsman and the Superannuation Complaints Tribunal. 

AFCA is a not-for-profit organisation funded by fees and charges paid by member firms. Its service is free for consumers and small business complainants.

A Treasury-led Independent Review in 2021 found AFCA was “performing well in a difficult operating environment and a changing regulatory landscape” and reaffirmed its impartiality and its fairness jurisdiction.

Key facts

AFCA was established on 1 November 2018.  The following data is as at 31 October 2023. 

  • 402,346 complaints registered
  • $1.18 billion in compensation or refunds for consumers and small businesses
  • 68% of complaints resolved by agreement
  • 6% of cases progressed to a formal decision
  • 46,097 members of AFCA Scheme (10,494 firms plus 35,603 individual authorised credit representatives)
  • 69% of financial firm members have not had a complaint made against them 

For more data see our infographics here.

Published: Monday 20 November 2023

Media enquiries: media@afca.org.au

About AFCA

The Australian Financial Complaints Authority (AFCA) is a non-government ombudsman service providing free, fair and independent help with financial disputes. AFCA is a one-stop-shop for consumers and small businesses who have a dispute with their financial firm, over things such as banking, credit, insurance, advice, investments or superannuation. Where an agreement cannot be reached between parties, AFCA can issue decisions that are binding on financial firms.

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